How to Deal With SDLT in London?

What is SDLT?

The Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) is a tax charged on the purchase of property in England and Northern Ireland. It is paid by the buyer to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) and is calculated based on the value of the property.

The rates of SDLT vary depending on whether the property is residential or non-residential, and whether it is located in England, Wales or Northern Ireland. In England and Wales, the rates are:

  • 0% for properties worth up to £125,000
  • 2% for properties worth between £125,001 and £250,000
  • 5% for properties worth between £250,001 and £925,000
  • 10% for properties worth between £925,001 and £1.5 million
  • 12% for properties worth over £1.5 million

In Northern Ireland, the rates are:

  • 0% for properties worth up to £150,000 
  • 2% for properties worth between £150,001 and £250,000 
  • 5% for properties worth between£250,001 and£400,000 
  • 10% for properties worth between£400,001and£750,000 
  • 12%for properties worth over£750, 0001 

 If you are buying a property in London that costs more than £937k you will have to pay an additional 3% in stamp duty. However, ensure you have sought stamp duty refund services from reliable agents to avoid extra charges.

How does SDLT affect Londoners?

Stamp duty land tax (SDLT) is a levy that is charged on most property transactions in England and Northern Ireland. In London, the SDLT rate is higher than the rest of the country, which can make buying a property in the capital an expensive proposition.

However, there are ways to minimize the amount of SDLT you have to pay. If you are a first-time buyer, you may be eligible for relief on your purchase. Additionally, if you are buying a property with multiple bedrooms, you may also be able to get a discount on your stamp duty bill.

If you are looking to buy a property in London, it is important to factor in the cost of SDLT. However, with careful planning, it is possible to reduce the amount of tax you have to pay.

How to calculate SDLT in London?

If you’re buying a property in London, you need to be aware of the Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT). This tax is levied on all properties purchased in England and Northern Ireland, and is payable by the buyer.

The amount of SDLT you’ll need to pay depends on the purchase price of the property. For properties costing up to £125,000, the SDLT rate is 0%. For properties between £125,001 and £250,000, the SDLT rate is 2%. The rates then increase incrementally for properties costing more than £250,001.

To calculate how much SDLT you’ll need to pay on a property in London, you can use an online calculator such as this one from HMRC. You’ll need to enter the purchase price of the property, as well as any other relevant information such as whether you’re a first-time buyer or whether you’re buying a second home.

Exemptions and Reliefs from SDLT

If you’re a first-time buyer in London, you may be exempt from paying Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT). You can also get relief if you’re buying a property that will be your main home and you already own another property.

First-time buyers in England and Northern Ireland are exempt from SDLT on properties worth up to £300,000. First-time buyers in Scotland and Wales are exempt from Land and Buildings Transaction Tax (LBTT) on properties worth up to £175,000.

If you’re buying a property that will be your main home and you already own another property, you may be eligible for Multiple Dwellings Relief. This could mean you pay less SDLT or no SDLT at all.

Tips for Reducing and Managing SDLT Costs

  • Review your lease agreement: If you are a tenant, check your lease agreement to see if your landlord is responsible for paying the Stamp Duty Land Tax. If they are, you may be able to negotiate a lower rent in exchange for taking on this responsibility.
  • Get advice from a tax specialist: A tax specialist can help you identify any reliefs or exemptions that may apply to your situation, which could reduce the amount of SDLT you need to pay.
  • Consider using a bridging loan: If you are planning on buying a property but haven’t sold your current one yet, you may be able to take out a bridging loan to cover the SDLT costs. This can be a costly option, so make sure to compare interest rates and fees before deciding if it’s right for you.
  • Pay the tax in installments: If you’re finding it difficult to come up with the full amount of SDLT owed, you can ask HMRC for permission to pay in installments over an extended period of time. There will be interest charged on the outstanding balance, so this option should only be used as a last resort.

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Dealing with SDLT

When it comes to stamp duty land tax (SDLT), there are a few common mistakes that Londoners often make. Here are four of the most common mistakes to avoid when dealing with SDLT:

  • Not understanding the basics of SDLT.
  • Many people are unaware of the basics of SDLT, including how it works and what it covers. This can lead to confusion and frustration when trying to deal with the tax. Make sure you understand the basics of SDLT before attempting to deal with it.
  • Not being prepared for the tax bill.
  • Another common mistake is not being prepared for the SDLT bill. This can come as a nasty shock, particularly if you’re not expecting it. Be sure to budget for SDLT in advance so you’re not caught out by an unexpected bill.
  • Failing to file a return on time.
  • If you don’t file your SDLT return on time, you could be facing penalties and interest charges. Make sure you file your return promptly and keep accurate records so you can avoid any problems down the line.
  • Trying to do everything yourself.
  • Dealing with SDLT can be complex and time-consuming, so it’s important to get professional help if you need it. There are many solicitors and accountants who specialize in SDLT, so seek out their help if you need it rather than making errors. 

Alternatives to Paying SDLT

There are a few alternatives to paying SDLT when purchasing a property in London. One option is to use the government’s Help to buy scheme, which can help you to buy a property with a smaller deposit. Another option is to look for a property that is exempt from SDLT, such as certain types of shared ownership properties. Finally, you could consider taking out a mortgage with a lender that offers an offset account, which can help to reduce the amount of interest you pay on your loan and potentially save you money on SDLT.


Dealing with SDLT in London can be a tricky process, but it is also an important one. Being aware of your SDLT obligations and taking the necessary steps to ensure you are compliant can help you save money on taxes while ensuring that you remain within the bounds of the law. By understanding how this tax works, budgeting for it in advance and looking into ways to reduce your liability if possible, you will be able to tackle any SDLT issues with confidence.


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